Introduction | Psalm 110:1
Prophet David mentioned an unusual statement in Psalm 110:1 translated as “the Lord says to my Lord sit at my right.” The statement was later used to refer to Jesus when quoted by Matthew (22: 44), Mark (12:36), and Luke (20:42). Hence the verse was misunderstood as if the first Lord is God, the second Lord is also God; the speaker is God, and also the spoken to is God; therefore David (PBUH) knows two Gods!
But this concept flies in the face of David’s own conception of God throughout his Psalms. In such cases, you are now obliged to know the biblical text in the available original language, and not to depend on a translation.
Analysis of Psalm 110:1 in Hebrew
The verse says in Hebrew:
“The LORD [יְהוָ֨ה׀ (Yah·weh)] says to my Lord [אדֹנִ֗י (a·ḏō·nî)]: "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet."
So, the Text refers to the first Lord with Yahweh and the Second with Adoni. Such sacred names written in religious Scripture should be left as they are when lacking the equivalent in translation.
The name Yahweh is only used as “the proper name of the God of Israel” (Dic. Strong's 3068); and it is held so holy by the Jews that when reading their Scriptures, they never pronounce it, but read it “Adonī” instead.
The other word, “Ādōnai,” signifies a “Commander, Lord, and master,” (Dic. Strong's 113); or the equivalent in the Arabic nouns “Amīr, sayyid, and Āghā”. Ādōnai stands as the opposite term of “soldier, slave, and property.” See for example its use as human master (Genesis 24:9-65) Consequently, the first part of the distich is to be rendered as “God said to my Lord (master).”
Who is Adonai? Jesus or Muhammad?
David was himself the Lord and Commander of every Israelite and the Master of the Kingdom; though he could not be a servant of the contemporary person, nor is it imaginable that he would refer to any dead prophet such as Abraham or Jacob whom he usually calls with “Father.”
It is equally conceivable that David would refer with “my Lord” to any of his own descendants, whom he usually calls with “Sons,”
Although Jewish Rabbis and other Christian commentators understood this verse as referring to the Messiah who would descend from David himself. On the contrary, Jesus flatly repudiated the Jews for this understanding:
“So, if David calls Him ‘Lord,’ how can He be David’s son?” (Matt 22:45)
It means that Jesus excludes himself from that title. But Evangelists usually wonder how could a great teacher like Jesus leave without giving a solution. While the answer is absent from the canonical gospels, the Gospel of Barnabas mentions it. There you will find the answer of Jesus who said that it refers to one of Abraham’s seeds from Ishmael.
Hence, there is no conceivable being who could be David’s Lord:
- No one before Him;
- Nor one his kingdom citizens;
- Nor one of his descendants;
- Probably from Abraham’s seeds from Ishmael.
The Adonai of David is Muhammad (PBUH)
Was it, then Muhammad whom David calls “my Lord” or “my Adon”? Let us see.
Muhammad (PBUH) was the noblest person from the seeds of Ishmael, he was the only person ever deserving this honor. He was labeled as “Sayyid al-Mursaleen,” the same as “the Adonai of the Prophets.” He is the one who brought mankind again into the light of the knowledge of the One true God and by utterly destroying the Power of the Devil and his abominable idols and wicked institutions.
Since Jesus (PBUH) Christ admits that he himself was not the “Lord” of David, nor he would descend from David, there remains none other than Muhammad among the Prophets to be the Adonai or Lord of David. And when we come to compare the praiseworthy, we have to come to the conclusion that it is alone Muhammad (PBUH) who could deserve the meritorious title of Adonai.
Conclusion | Is Psalms 110:1 a prophecy of Muhammad?
The correct translation of the verse (Psalm 110:1) is to be “God said to my Lord (master).” David here is referring to his human Lord who could not be:
- A Prophet before him (g. Abraham or any of his fathers);
- Nor a citizen in his kingdom (any of the contemporary prophets);
- Nor one of his descendants (g. Jesus);
The Gospel of Barnabas suggests he is one of Abraham’s seeds from Ishmael. This leaves us with no one other than the great Prophet of Islam Muhammad, who built God’s kingdom on earth and purified the sacred lands from evil.
For a full and expanded discussion of this prophecy and many of the prophecies of Prophet Muhammad in the Bible, I would urge you to read the book written by the former Roman Catholic priest, Professor David Benjamin (later Abd al-Ahad Dawood) under the title: "Muhammad in the Torah and the Gospel". Click here and check it now!